China Releases New Personal Data Protection Law: What You Need to Know

What Is Personal Data?
Not all personal information is the same. There are all kinds of things that come with personal information, the main thing is that the information must be accurate. The type of information you can collect and use is defined by the data protection law, but you can start with the categories:

Contact information
Social media
Payments
Personal health
Personal identification

This is a broad category with a lot of different types of personal information that can be collected, stored and used by businesses.
To add personal data to your product, services or website, you have to get consent from each person.
Types of Personal Data
The types of personal data that come with you when you log into a website or service is the same type of data you can collect and use.

How To Collect Personal Data?

BEIJING — China’s draft of a new national law on personal data protection went into effect on Oct. 27. Businesses and individuals will have to comply with more stringent data security standards and increased oversight by the government.
The new law consolidates and updates several existing provisions regarding personal data. It lays out basic protections for data collection, security of data, information disclosure and consumers’ right to complain.
The law also makes some important improvements to previous rules, including how to obtain and use personal data.

Who Can Collect Personal Data?
Who Can Be Targeted for Data Collection?
In the face of U.S. government and other criticism, the Chinese government has released new draft regulations for its much-anticipated personal data law, hoping to end concerns about widespread surveillance and secure personal data in the country.
The National People’s Congress (NPC) announced in September 2017 that it would be re-drafting and passing the personal data protection regulation.
China is the world’s biggest source of data on its own citizens, much of which is stored in state-controlled companies. Since 2015, over 607 million Chinese citizens have signed up with online companies and were subjected to data collection and sharing by those companies. Companies have been given broad leeway to use personal data in a wide variety of ways.

How to Process Personal Data?
Migrating
What is Personal Data?
Registering
Approving
And What Should I Do?
Transferring or Transfering
Reducing Personal Data

And More

What does it mean for Europe, China’s allies and the rest of the world? We have answers here.
“China’s new data protection law is a game changer,” said Geng. “It’s a watershed event for Asia.”
“The new law has the potential to ripple out globally, impacting the data of all citizens, regardless of the user’s location,” said Krisztina Holmovics, a privacy lawyer with law firm Balfour+Manson.

The EU has also expressed its strong disapproval.
How to Store and Handle Personal Data?
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Mainland Chinese laws governing personal data have changed, in a significant update to the country’s data protection laws.As of May 25, 2017, a revised and expanded version of the Personal Data Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China (PDPP Law) entered into effect, replacing the PDPP Law of 2000. The latter was considered to be on par with the highest international standards at the time.The new PDPP Law contains the highest standards for personal data protection ever to be adopted by any country.
General Provisions for Protecting Personal Data
China’s new Personal Data Protection Law will go into effect on July 1.

As of this date, individuals will be able to demand that their personal information be deleted. The law prohibits the storage and sharing of personal information for “commercial purposes” or other reasons not related to legal proceedings.
Who Is Affected by the New Law
People will be able to file a report with the National Commission on Violence Against Women if they suspect an individual or organization of violating China’s personal data protection law. In addition, companies who receive a report will have 30 days to respond to the report.
Anyone who suspects an individual of violating the new law will have the right to take legal action, either on his or her own or with the help of friends and family.
Conclusion
In the wake of the scandal surrounding Facebook, many individuals and organizations that stored data from Chinese users in their servers are wondering whether China will pursue stricter data protection rules in its legislation. On January 1, 2019, China introduced a new personal data protection law that will replace the old one, the Personal Data Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China (PDPLA).
Introduction to PDPLA
China’s original PDPLA has been in effect since 2004 and provided a framework for personal data protection.
source : 
Zdunet
Lawyer in Shanghai
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